The kingdom of Nepal is wedged between the majestic Himalayan montain range and the tropical foothills of northern India. It is an adventure travellers paradise, filled with snow capped peaks, mystical monastries and surprising wildlife encounters, offering trekking in the north and wildlife parks in the south.
Tourism is Nepal's largest industry and source of foreign exchange and revenue. Possessing eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, Nepal is a hotspot destination for those seeking adventure and wildlife experiences. The Hindu and Buddhist heritage of Nepal and its cool weather are also strong attractions.
There are a huge number of wilderness and adventure activities for visitors to Nepal. Mountain biking, rock climbing, trekking, hiking, bird watching, scenic flights, paragliding and hot air ballooning in the mountains of Himalaya, as well as exploring the waterways by raft, kayak or canoe, and jungle safaris in the Terai region.
A major draw for those looking for a safari is the 932 sq/km Chitwan National Park, a preserved area in the Terai Lowlands of south-central Nepal, known for its biodiversity. Its dense forests and grassy plains are home to rare mammals like one-horned rhinos and Bengal tigers. The park shelters numerous bird species, including the giant hornbill. Dugout canoes traverse the northern Rapti River, home to crocodiles. Inside the park is Balmiki Ashram, a Hindu pilgrimage site.
To the east is Parsa National Park, a little smaller at 637 sq/km. The typical vegetation of the park is tropical and subtropical forest types with sal forest constituting about 90% of the vegetation. There are a small number of gaurs (Indian Bison) and data collected in Feb 2017 suggsted that there are 19 Bengal Tigers - this is fabulous as it represents a rise of 30%, year on year for the last 3 years.