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  • Grizzly Bear

Overview

With its incredible landscapes and huge swathes of wilderness, the vast country of Canada is brimming with epic wildlife adventures. It's home to large, charismatic mammals including black bears, grizzly bears, polar bears, caribou and moose as well as whales and dolphins.

The second largest country in the world has an endless variety of spectacular landscapes. Jaw-dropping mountains, glistening glaciers, lush rainforests, emerald lakes, remote beaches and the world's longest coastline are the backdrop for awe-inspiring experiences - wildlife viewing, adrenalin activities, fascinating culture and gastronomic delights.

Churchill, Manitoba, known as the 'Polar Bear Capital of the World', is where thousands of visitors head every year from July to November (prime time Oct-Nov) to see polar bears in their natural habitat - and the odds of sighting one are pretty high. Other arctic wildlife to spot include beluga whales, caribou and arctic foxes. 

Banff and Jasper National Parks in the stunning Rocky Mountains are the heart of grizzly bear country. These fearsome and fascinating bears are the country's most iconic animal while in the Great Bear Rainforest in British Columbia you might be lucky to see the elusive spirit or kermode bear - a rare species of black bear that appears white because of a double-recessive gene.

Look for the goofy moose in the enormous boreal forest Foret Montmorency, Quebec, at dusk or dawn on a moose safari. The best time of year for sightings is during rutting season (late Sep to mid-Oct). Also keep your eyes peeled for timber wolves, black bears, beavers, otters, porcupines and 140 species of bird. 

The waters off the coast of British Columbia and Vancouver Island are rich in marine life - spot orca, humpback, grey whales and minkes as well as seals, sea lions and porpoises, from May to October. You can whale watch from a high-speed Zodiac, comfortable cruiser or even a historic sailboat for a week-long luxury adventure.

 

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Quick Facts - Canada

Travel Seasons

  • Jun-Aug - High Season. Sunshine and warm weather across most of the country, but accommodation prices increase (up 30% on average). Dec-Mar is busy season in the ski resorts.
  • May, Sep-Oct - Shoulder Season. Temperatures are cool and comfortable. Less busy and prices fall. Attractions often open for shorter hours. During Fall in some places like Cape Breton and Quebec it remains busy. 
  • Nov-Apr - Low Season. It's dark and cold and places close outside the big cities. Bargains can be found in April and November. 


General Information

  • Currency - Canadian Dollar
  • Languages - English and French
  • Size - 9.98 million square kilometres
  • Population - 36,286,425


Health & Safety

  • Travel insurance is essential for all international travel. Click below to find out more:

  • There are no required vaccinations for Canada, but check with your doctor and make sure your routine vaccinations are all up-to-date.


Tourist Information

 

Pros & Cons

Pros

  • Jaw-dropping and varied landscapes
  • Exceptional land and marine wildlife 
  • Wide range of accommodation 
  • Wealth of activities on offer
  • Year-round destination 

Cons

  • Vast distances across the country
  • Accommodation prices can rise by 30% during the busy summer months

Travel Info

Arriving in Canada

  • Major international airports across the country include Toronto, Halifax, Ottawa, St John's, Montreal, Edmonton, Calgary and Vancouver
  • Arriving by land along the US–Canadian border is via around 25 official border crossings from New Brunswick to British Columbia

Getting Around

  • There are domestic flights across the country, Air Canada is the largest operator serving some 150 destinations
  • Ferry services are extensive, especially throughout the Atlantic provinces and in British Columbia
  • To rent a hire car or campervan you usually need to be over 25 years old - this is a great way to explore 
  • VIA Rail operates the train services and has some classic trains travelling on long distance routes

Visas

  • Most people need a visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization to travel to Canada, which costs CAD$7 (about £4). Find out if you need an eTA on the Government of Canada website and apply for the eTA here >>

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