Located in the west of South America, Peru is a richly biodiverse country with arid plains, Amazon rainforest, towering Andes mountains and mile upon mile of beautiful coastline. Not surprising considering its diverse terrain, Peru is home to hundreds of endemic species of flora and fauna, a huge variety of wildlife - puma, jaguar, spectacled bear, sperm whales - and incredible birdlife. The landscapes are spectacular and it's steeped in fascinating and ancient history. Visit Lima to experience the perfect blend of ancient and modern, Cusco for breathtaking ancient ruins and Machu Picchu to see the famous Inca City.
Huascarán National Park encompasses most of the mountain range known as Cordillera Blanca (the world's highest tropical mountain range) which is part of the central Andes. Mount Huascarán rises to 6,768m above sea-level. The combination of snow-capped mountain peaks, tropical glaciers and lakes, and a large variety of vegetation makes this a truly rare destination to visit. The park is home to the spectacled bear and the Andean condor as well as other interesting wildlife. Activities include hiking, nature watching safaris, mountain biking, skiing, mountaineering and cultural tourism. Huascarán also contains an impressive 25 trekking routes and 102 mountaineering spots.
The Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary is Peru's most visited natural protected area, encompassing archaeological sites, Inca monuments and a large variety of fauna and flora, some of which are endangered. Wildlife of the area includes the spectacled bear and neotropical river otter. The main attraction is Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge, connected with various archaeological sites through the Qhapaq Ñan network (known as the Inca Trail). The Inca Trail is one of the most sought after trails in South America and currently offers six hiking routes.
The largest protected area in Peru, and the second largest in the Amazon region, the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve comprises of an area of more than 20,000 km². This is one of the best areas to go on safari and spot Amazon mammals, birds and plants. In this lush green paradise expect to come across the endangered pink dolphin, as well as monkeys, hawks, capybara, and if you are very lucky, the elusive black jaguar. In the summer months, enjoy exploring the inlets that make up Pacaya Samiria’s flooded jungle, while in the winter months, when the river recedes, visitors can walk along sandy beaches and explore the shores.