Tanzania Safari Statistics and Facts [Infographic]

The great wildebeest migration may be one of the major highlights of Tanzania, but there is so much more Tanzania has to offer. Its people, their culture and history make Tanzania all the more fascinating and many visitors travel to Tanzania to immerse themselves in the culture and learn more about the local communities and their traditions. Visitors can also see anthropological sites, museums and ruins – remnants of old times.

Of course Tanzania also has a diverse ecosystem providing home for hundreds of species, across 23 major national parks. In addition, there are beautiful beaches along Tanzania’s coastline, including the popular island of Zanzibar, while Lake Victoria is a less-visited destination.

We have listed some unique facts about Tanzania, its wilderness areas, geography and history.

Infographic Tanzania Safari Statistics And Facts

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Tanzania General Facts

  • Tanzania gets its name from the two states that merged to create the country in 1964. The ‘Tan’ is from Tanganyika, ‘Zan’ is from Zanzibar. The names of the former states were derived from Swahili words.
  • The Tanzanian national flag has four colours – green, yellow, black and blue. The green stands for Tanzania’s natural resources, yellow represents the mineral deposits found in the country, black stands for the native black African people of Tanzania, and blue represents the vast water bodies.
  • The national anthem of Tanzania, Mungu Ibariki Afrika, was composed by late South African composer Enoch Mankayi Sontonga.
  • Before the creation of the capital Dodoma in 1974, Dar-es-Salaam was the capital of Tanzania. Dodoma used to be a small market known as Idodomya, before being developed by German colonists who were building the Tanzania central railway in 1907. Due to social and historical issues, any plans to control and retain Dar-es-Salaam as the capital failed and in part due to Dodoma’s central location, it became the national capital.
  • In 1896, the Anglo-Zanzibar War between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar lasted for 45 minutes. The war is known as the shortest war in history.
  • Tanzania is home to 126 tribes, each with its own rich cultural history and distinct cultural traditions. Some of the tribes you might come across on safari include Maasai, Sukuma, Chagga, Hadzabe and Iraqw.
  • The most diverse country linguistically in East Africa, Tanzania has a total of 119 languages. Swahili is the national language of Tanzania, while English and Arabic are widely spoken. 
  • Tanzania is the only African country with tribes representing the continent’s major ethnolinguistic groups: Bantu, Cushitic, Nilotic, Khoisan.
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Tanzania Safari – Everything You Need to Know

What % of Tanzania is national parks?

Tanzania, with its 365,756 square kilometre area, is the largest country in East Africa. According to a 2021 source, nearly 30% of Tanzania is national parks, game reserves, and protected areas. Based on this data, around 109,726.8 square kilometres of Tanzania is reserved for the conservation of flora and fauna. 

Total number of Tanzania national parks and game reserves

It has approximately 23 national parks, 28 game reserves, and 14 forest reserves. Check out the below list for a complete overview. 

National Parks (23) Game Reserves (28) Forest Reserve (14)
Arusha National Park

Kilimanjaro National Park

Lake Manyara National Park

Mahale Mountains National Park

Mount Meru National Park

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Ruaha National Park

Serengeti National Park

Tarangire National Park

Udzungwa Mountains National Park

Gombe Stream National Park

Katavi National Park

Kitulo National Park

Mafia Island Marine Park

Mikumi National Park

Mnazi Bay-Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park

Mkomazi National Park

Nyerere National Park

Rubondo Island National Park

Rumanyika-Karagwe National Park

Saadani National Park

Saanane Island National Park

Ibanda-Kyerwa National Park

Mwiba Wildlife Reserve

Ikorongo Game Reserve

Kigosi Game Reserve

Kijereshi Game Reserve

Liparamba Game Reserve

Lukwati Game Reserve

Piti Game Reserve

Lukwika Lumesule Game Reserve

Msanjesi Game Reserve

Lwafi Game Reserve

Maswa Game Reserve

Mkungunero Game Reserve

Moyowosi Game Reserve

Rungwa Game Reserve

Kizigo Game Reserve

Muhesi Game Reserves

Uwanda Game Reserve

Rukwa Game Reserve

Selous Game Reserve

Swaga Swaga Game Reserve

Ugalla River Game Reserve

Grumeti Game Reserve

Biharamulo Game Reserve

Usangu Game Reserve

Burigi Game Reserve

Pande Game Reserve

Kipengere Mpanga Game Reserve

Northern Kahama Game Reserve

Magamba Nature Forest Reserve

Pugu Hills Nature Forest

Amani Nature Forest Reserve

Chome Nature Forest Reserve

Kilombero Nature Forest Reserve

Kipo Forest Reserve

Minziro Nature Forest Reserve

Mkingu Forest Nature Reserve

Mount Hanang Nature Forest Reserve

Mount Rungwe Nature Forest Reserve

Nilo Nature Forest Reserve

Rondo Nature Forest Reserve

Uluguru Nature Forest Reserve

Uzungwa Scarp Nature Forest Reserve

Refer: The Most Exhaustive List of African National Parks & Game Reserves

Total number of mammals, birds, and primates

Tanzania ranks fourth on Africa’s list of the largest number of animal species. It is home to 430 different wildlife species, including 310 mammal species. It also has around 20% of Africa’s large mammal concentration. A remarkable birding destination, Tanzania has around 960-1000 bird species, ranking third on Africa’s list of the largest number of bird species. There are around 100 species of snakes and 60,000 insect species in Tanzania.

The following table displays the number of wildlife species in Tanzania:

Fauna Number of Species
Mammal 430
Primates 27
Birds 1156
Amphibians 90+
Snakes 100
Fish 500+
Insects 60,000

*+ indicates more than

List of endangered species in Tanzania

There are more than 700 endangered species of fauna and flora in Tanzania. The list includes 52 amphibian species, 71 bird species, a clams species, 13 crustacean species, 161 fish species, 17 insects species, 17+ mammals species, 240 plant species, a reptile species and 21 snail species. It also includes 131 corals, jellyfish, and sea anemones species. Our list below shares a few endangered species that are popularly known.

Listed below are Tanzania’s endangered wildlife species

Endangered Wildlife Species Critically Endangered Wildlife Species
Abbott’s duiker (1,500 in wild) Ader’s duiker (300-600 in wild)
African wild dog (less than 6,000 in wild) Black rhinoceros (5,366-5,627 in the wild)
Tree pangolin (African white bellied pangolin) Aspatharia divaricata (clam species)
Chimpanzee (172,000-300,000 in wild) Pancake tortoise
East African oryx (11,000 to 13,000 in wild)
Geata mouse shrew
Giant pangolin
Hildegarde’s tomb bat
Kihaule’s mouse shrew
Kipunji (1,100 in wild)
Rondo dwarf galago
Sanje mangabey
Tanzanian woolly bat
Zanzibar red colobus (1,600-3,000 in wild)

For the complete list of Endangered species in Tanzania, visit: Earth’s Endangered 

Total number of Tanzania safari travel partners

There are over 800 travel agencies that offer fantastic Tanzania safari deals and packages. Visitors can pick a Tanzania group safari or choose something a bit more private with a safari experience tailored to their preferences. Tanzania’s popularity as a premium safari destination has ensured a high availability of safari accommodation, including safari lodges, camps, and hotels. There are more than 3750 such accommodations available in Tanzania. 

The following list features Tanzania’s highly recommended premier safari accommodations. 

Best time to visit Tanzania

The best time to visit Tanzania for safari is from June to October, as Tanzania’s dry season offers the very best wildlife viewing opportunities, with very little or no rain, warm days, water sources attracting wildlife and sparse bush to see wildlife better. However, there are often wonderful experiences and wildlife to be seen throughout the year, you just need to research the best places to visit for the time of year. 

Average cost of a Tanzania safari

The prices of a Tanzania safari packages vary from USD 100 per person (1 day) to USD 24,955 per person(29 days).

For example, for USD 100, you can step into Tanzania’s secluded and magical Chemka Hot Spring, where you can spend a peaceful day enjoying and exploring its warm blue waters. On the other end of the scale, a USD 24,955 luxury safari will take you on a 29-day journey in the heart of Africa’s premium destinations from Zanzibar to Botswana’s Okavango Delta. Nights are spent at 5 star hotels and lodges enjoying lavish amenities.  

  • Budget safari costs per person/per day approx: USD 100-200
  • Mid-range safari cost per person/per day approx: USD 350+
  • Luxury safari costs per person/per day approx: USD 600+

So based on an average day rate of around USD350 for an average safari length, you are looking at around £3,000 per person, not including international flights.

Ideal length for a Tanzania safari

Tanzania tempts visitors into crossing oceans to bask in its glorious wildlife and cultural attractions. The duration of a safari varies from person to person, but ideally, a visitor spends 7-10 days on a Tanzania safari. If you also plan to explore Zanzibar, add 3-4 days more to your safari. You can always choose to go on a longer safari trip if you are planning that once in a lifetime adventure. Some luxury safaris can last for at least a month. 

Total number of World Heritage sites in Tanzania

There are seven official World Heritage Sites in Tanzania

Apart from these seven, the Tanzania government has a tentative list of five sites to be nominated for World Heritage Site status:

  • Eastern Arc Mountains Forests of Tanzania
  • Gombe National Park
  • Oldonyo Murwak
  • Jozani-Chwaka Bay Conservation Area
  • The Central Slave and Ivory Trade Route

Activities to do on a Tanzania safari

On a Tanzania safari, visitors are likely to experience safari activities such as game drives, bush walks, and bird watching. Visitors can also partake in optional activities at additional costs. Some of the optional activities include: 

  • Hot air balloon safari
  • Horse riding
  • Mountain climbing
  • Boat safari
  • Mountain biking
  • Canoe trip
  • Waterfall trip
  • Hot spring trip
  • Coffee tour
  • Fly-camping
  • Snorkeling
  • Diving

Major Tanzania attractions

  • Mount Kilimanjaro, the world-renowned dormant volcano , is in Tanzania. At 5,895 meters it is the highest mountain in Africa. It has a diverse ecosystem, including rainforest, moorland, alpine desert, cultivated land, heath and the Arctic summit. These ecosystems are rarely found together at such close proximity.
  • Tanzania is home to part of Lake Tanganyika, the deepest lake in the world.
  • With the largest African wild dog population in Africa, Tanzania is an exceptional safari destination for African wild dog viewing. The African wild dog is also known as the painted dog or Cape hunting dog.
  • In 2003, a new monkey species, Kipunji, was discovered in Tanzania. This newly discovered species has been classified as endangered due to their low numbers found only in Tanzania’s Rungwe-Livingstone Forests and Ndundulu Forest.
  • Zanzibar leopards are endemic to Zanzibar, Tanzania. It is an evolved African leopard species, thought to have evolved when the island split from Tanzania mainland due to rising sea levels, probably during the last ice age. As they evolved, the rosettes diminished into spots and the leopard’s size altered, becoming smaller.
  • Some of the baobab trees found in Tarangire National Park are centuries old. Baobab trees can live for thousands of years; the oldest one in South Africa is thought to be around 6,000 years old.
  • Another attraction in Tarangire National Park is the unusual tree-climbing lions, a behaviour they’ve been doing for years. No one knows why the lions exhibit this behaviour, but some suggest that it’s a way of the lions avoiding irritating insect bites when lying on the ground or to escape the sweltering heat at ground level.
  • The Zanzibar archipelago, with its stunning beaches, is home to the coconut crab, also known as the robber crab. It’s the largest land-living crab in the world with a carapace diameter of up to 45 cm. The name coconut crab comes from the crab’s favourite food, coconuts, which it opens with powerful claws once it’s climbed the coconut tree.
  • The renowned palaeoanthropological site Oldupai (Olduvai) Gorge is located in Tanzania. The gorge is known for the discovery of early human fossils.
  • At Laetolithe, a footprint trail of early hominids who evolved and first stood upright over 3.7 million years ago was first discovered.
  • Gregory Rift in Arusha, Tanzania, is presently home to the only active carbonatite volcano in the world, Ol Doinyo Lengai. The carbonatite lava is rich in sodium, potassium carbonates, gregoryite and nyerereite. The lava composition causes eruptions at low temperatures. Unlike the silicate lava, carbonatite lava doesn’t have a red glow (often characterized as volcano lava) instead, the lava appears black in sunlight.
  • Even after one million years, the Serengeti ecosystem has retained its diversity of rich flora and fauna. In addition to the fauna, Tanzania also has 11,000 plant species, a large number of which are endemic to Tanzania.

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About author

MD and Co-Founder. Born in Zimbabwe, Robin has a long history in Africa, and safaris in general, from running lodges to marketing. He is always on the look out for new ideas and products from around the safari world.

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